Regulatory Ref. art.1678 et seq. of the Italian Civil Code.
Agreement by which it is mandatory for the carrier, for payment, to transfer people or things from one place to another. It can have as its purpose the transport of people or things. Even though it can be carried out using different vehicles and in different environmental conditions (land transport by car or train, air transport), the Italian Civil Code only regulates land transport; this regulation is also applicable to maritime and air transport, save if not expressly otherwise provided by Maritime Law.